Publication and Research

Summary of the work of the Committees of the 107th International Labour Conference

The Conference Committee on Social Dialogue and Tripartism  decided on a new framework for action that includes a set of measures to promote social dialogue and tripartism. It called on the ILO to assist its members in strengthening social dialogue in all its forms and at all levels in line with ILO standards through capacity building and strengthening development cooperation, enhanced research and training, as well as standards-related action and improving policy coherence.

It also called on ILO Members to respect, promote and realize the principles concerning the fundamental rights of employers and workers and their organizations to freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining. They also called for an enabling legal and institutional environment to promote effective social dialogue.

The Committee reaffirmed that social dialogue is based on the respect for freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining. It said that social dialogue plays a crucial role in designing policies to promote social justice. It also insisted that free, independent, strong and representative employers’ and workers’ organizations, together with trust, commitment and respect for the autonomy of the social partners and social dialogue outcomes are key to making social dialogue effective.

The Committee on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations  of the ILC adopted conclusions on 23 individual cases relating to issues arising from the implementation of labour rights. The discussion was based on the annual report of the Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations, which is an independent body composed of legal experts charged with examining the application in law and practice of ILO Conventions and Recommendations  by ILO member States.

The Committee also discussed standards relating to working time, based on a general survey, Ensuring decent working time for the future . It noted that the discussions were timely, as transformations currently taking place in the world of work were changing many of the traditional ways of working and was having an impact on its organization. The Committee made particular reference to new emerging working arrangements, including teleworking and working in the platform economy, such as online. It considered that the adoption of an appropriate regulatory framework on working time was important, both to protect workers and to ensure a level playing field for employers. The social partners have an important role to play in setting rules and providing guidance on working time and thus ensuring that working-time arrangements better meet the concrete needs of both employers and workers. 

The Committee on Effective ILO Development Cooperation  had a robust discussion on the future of the ILO’s development cooperation in supporting constituents in achieving decent work for all and the Sustainable Development Goals. Committee members saw great challenges and opportunities arising from global social, economic and environmental megatrends and changes in the world of work. They were also aware of the impact that the recently adopted UN resolution on reform of the United Nations Development System would have on ILO operations and assistance, particularly at the country level.

The Conference adopted a Resolution requesting the ILO Director-General to prepare a plan of action to implement the conclusions adopted by the Committee, and communicate the latter to relevant organizations at the global and regional levels.

The Committee’s conclusions contain guiding principles and a roadmap for future ILO development cooperation. The guiding principles include a call for enhanced country ownership; promoting the ILO’s four strategic objectives with even more results and impact on the ground; policy coherence at all levels; an increased role of the private sector in sustainable development; a stronger focus on capacity development; promoting innovative and inclusive forms of partnerships and financing; and enhanced transparency through social dialogue. 

The roadmap will better equip the ILO in supporting its Members and in participating in more joined up UN responses to country priorities with a wide range of partners. The concepts of “leaving no one behind” and social justice go hand in hand. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development incorporates decent work as a global aspiration and a universal goal. Development cooperation remains a strategic and integral means for the ILO to deliver on the sustainable development goals. 



We are proud to announce that the Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization (PTGWO) in partnership with industriALL Global Union has successfully launched the Labor Education and Development Series (LEADS).  Leads is a FREE regular and continuing conduct of labor education for workers.

LEADS was launched last 18 May 2018, 9:00 am to 5:00pm, at the PTGWO Conference Room, it will also be the first of the regular series of study sessions. For the launching we are inviting key persons of the Bureau of Labor Relations – Department of Labor and Employment (BLR-DOLE), International Labour Office - Manila (ILO Manila), IndustriALL, UP School of Labor and Industrial Relations (UP SOLAIR) as guest resource persons on the following topics:

  • Nature, Concepts and Role of Trade Unions in a Globalizing Economy: (ILO)
  • Current Labor Relations Trends and Challenges: (BLR-DOLE)
  • The Global Unions and its Networks: (IndustriALL)
  • Rethinking Collective Bargaining: (UP SOLAIR)




Last January 05, 2018, a Union Election was held through secret balloting in Monde MY SAN Compound. Here are the list of the newly hired Union Officers:

         PRESIDENT                           -             Jose Jobel A. Guelos

         VICE PRESIDENT                   -             Larry G. Pontero

         SECRETARY                          -             Franco D. Resurreccion

         TREASURER                          -             Madonna A. Encinas

         AUDITOR                              -             Ian R. Apostadero

         BOARD OF DIRECTOR           -             Michael V. Canencia

         BOARD OF DIRECTOR           -             Norman E. Omaña

         BOARD OF DIRECTOR           -             Ramon N. Abitria 

         BOARD OF DIRECTOR           -             Crispen S. De Torres

         BOARD OF DIRECTOR           -             Eduardo C. Salva 

         BOARD OF DIRECTOR           -             Rodrigo V. Agoo





Last September 13-15, 2017 a Three (3) Day Seminar Workshop was held entitled “Enhancing Skills in Trade Union Administration” at Anne Raquel’s Resort in Olongapo, Zambales. We invited 40 Union Officers (2 person per Union) from different locations near Region 3.

The said Seminar is the 2nd leg of the Seminar Program for Enhancing Skills of our Union Officers in their CBA Negotiation and developing their ability of the new trends in the approaches in CBA strategy and Tactics.

This Seminar is to Develop the Union Leaders in the new approaches and techniques in the CBA negotiations.

On the First day of the Seminar, September 13, 2017, we welcomed the arrival and the registration of the Participants, the said also provided them their respective room designations. Lunch started at around 12pm and the Seminar started with the first topic entitled Phases of CBA lectured by Mr. Alex Morillo, wherein the basic concept, principles, definitions and Procedures were discussed and also the Role of the Union President and the Union Negotiating Team members. In here, they will be able to draft their respective CBA proposals and learn the importance of their political demands as protection to their security of tenure. There was a snack break followed by the second phase of the Collective Bargaining which is the negotiation phase.

The Strategies and Tactics of CBA negotiation was introduced and learned by the Officers. Quantification of their Economic Demands were also taught and the importance of the Financial Statements of their Companies were discussed and analyzed.

The Company’s Net Profit vis-à-vis Union Economic Demands were compared and analyzed. The test of the Company’s Viability and profitability were learned and unions were taught how to justify their economic demands in the Workshop presentation which was held on the Second Day.

The Third day was solely for the Union Administration Phase. Discussed here were the Grievance Machinery, principles and the causes of conflict were also taught. The Officers also learned how to handle grievances and a grievance form was develop and discussed thoroughly by the Officers.

An activity workshop was presented to the groups and the participants. The last day was utilized by the presentation of the results of the Financial Analysis of 3 Financial Statements of Security Bank, Petron Philippines and the Nestle Company. Later on, the case of the Grievance Cases was also presented and discussed by the different group. The final event was the Solidarity Night. The Seminar ended around 2:00pm on the third day September 15, 2017.

The Part Three of the Seminar is for the Para-Legal Training to be held in Tagaytay for the Union Leaders of South Luzon.




A Union Election was held simultaneously last July 29, 2017 in Santrans Sapang Palay Bulacan Terminal and in Cubao Terminal headed by their respective Comelec officers Hobert Penaflor  (Sapang Palay) and Felicisimo Valois (Cubao).  

Here are the List of the newly Elected Union Officers:

  1.             MARIO DE VERA PASCUAL                      -            President
  2.             JESUS DC. NERI                                        -           Vice President
  3.             WALTERSON D. LABRADOR                    -             Secretary
  4.             ROCKIE M. MENDOZA                               -           Treasurer
  5.             MARK HANDIE P. COMALING                   -           Auditor
  6.             JOHN H. ROMAN                                        -           Board of Director
  7.             RODEL F. SIBAYAN                                    -           Board of Director
  8.             NICOMEDES DE LEON                              -           Board of Director
  9.             MARK JAYSON M. NERI                            -           Board of Director
  10.             RICHARD DE MESA ALARCON                -           Board of Director

Congratualtions !!!



Nestle Cabuyao Signs 5-Year CBA

(A First in Nestle Philippines)


Cabuyao Factory inked a landmark of a five (5)-year Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) on June 23, 2017, (the first ever five (5)-year CBA in Nestle Philippines). Breaking new ground in the continuing enhancement of industrial relations in the Company.

Chairman and CEO Mr. Jacques Reber, Cabuyao Factory Manager Mr. Val Dizon and Nestle Cabuyao Workers’ Union (NCWU-PTGWO) President Mr. Jim Malangis led the signing of the historic agreement. Other signatories were Technical Director Peter Winter, and HR Director Mitzie Antonio.

The signing was witnessed by DOLE-NCM Region IV-A Director II Feliciano Orihuela Jr. and PTGWO National President Atty. Arnel Z. Dolendo. Members of the Cabuyao City Sangguniang Niugan and Banaybanay also graced the important event.

            “Today is a most memorable day for Cabuyao Factory because it marks an even stronger partnership guided by values and rooted in respect”, Val said. “The CBA negotiation we have gone through was not an easy journey, and I laud the union leadership for pursuing what is good for the people. This five-year CBA further enhances the industrial peace and harmony in our Factory so that together, we can focus our sights on achieving our production goals and targets for a stronger Nestle Philippines.”

Cabuyao HR Head Enzo Ziga said most CBAs in the Philippines have a lifetime of three (3) years. “Five (5)-year CBAs, though offering a longer period of industrial calm and stability, still remain a rarity in the country’s industrial relations environment which makes this new Cabuyao CBA a significant milestone in the history of collective bargaining agreements in the Company as well as in the country,” explained Atty. Enzo.


            The new Cabuyao CBA grants all covered employees with a total wage increase package of Php 12,000.00 spread over five years – Php 3,000.00 in the 1st year, Php 2,500.00 in 2nd year. Php 1,000.00 in the 3rd year, Php 2,500.00 in the 4th year and Php 3,000.00 in the 5th year. It also gives them a lump sum package of Php 135,000.00, which includes a one-time Php 35,000.00 special incentive for accepting the five (5) – year CBA term. The lump sum also includes a recognition bonus for industrial peace (no strike).

The CBA likewise provides for an increase in the medical and hospitalization limits to Php 200,00.00 per illness per year at 85%-15% sharing, a 13th sack of rice, improvements in the Christmas and Birthday packages; and partial disability benefits.

In addition, Management and the Union agreed to hold peaceful discussions to any changes in the Non-Contributory Retirement Plan (NCRP) before such changes are implemented in the future. It may be noted that the two-cycles of industrial unrest in the Factory in 1988 and in 2002, both of which lasted for a decade, flowed from CBA deadlocks over NCRP.

“I am hoping that for the next five (5) years, all of us would be hand in hand for a progressive and prosperous Nestle, and for the next CBA to bring forth more benefits and wage increase to every employee in order for everyone to feel the progress as the company itself progresses”, NCWU-PTGWO President Jim Malangis said in his speech.


Corporate HR Director Mitzie Antonio thanked everyone for helping make the new CBA possible. “Today presents an opportunity for us to re-commit as guardians of our Company. This Five (5) year CBA is indeed a milestone in the history of Nestle Philippines.”


Negotiations for this new CBA began in November 2016 and concluded on Mar 31, 2017 with the technical assistance of the National Conciliation and Mediation Board (NCMB) Region IV.

            Nestle Cabuyao Workers Union (NCWU) is affiliated with the Philippine Trasport and General Workers Organization (PTGWO).

In the current CBA cycle, both Cagayan de Oro and Pulilan (now Froneri Philippines) recently concluded three (3) – year CBAs. Addressing management and union, Jacques said, “At the end of the day, we all want the same thing, and that is a bright future for our respective families. The new CBA provides a fantastic base to build the future of Cabuyao Factory employees, the future of our Company, and the future of our families. For all the dedication, commitment and hard work that led to this new CBA, maraming maraming salamat sa inyong lahat.”







Sa pagtatapos ng unang hearing ng DOLE Laguna Provincial Office sa Interpleader case na isinampa ng pamunuan ng DLTB Bus Co. sa nagtutnggaling unyon na PTGWO at AGLO, sinabi ni Atty. HERNAN G. NICDAO, PTGWO National Secretary, na nawa'y mabilis na magkaroon ng resolusyon ang issue.

Ang Interpleader ay isang kaso kung saan idunudulog ng kumpanya kung sino ang unyon na dapat ma recognize niyo. Sa punto ng PTGWO, hindi na kailangan ng Interpleader dahil malinaw na ang PTGWO at hindi ang AGLO ang lehitimo na unyon sa DLTB Bus Co. Subalit ito ang naging kasuduan noon sa NCMB upang hindi ituloy ang kanilang ilegal ns strike. Ang issue sa Notice of Strike ng AGLO ay tungkol sa pera o Union Dues ng mga manggagawa ng DLTB.

Upang isaalangalang ang mga mananakay at ang publiko, pumayag ang PTGWO sa pagsampa ng Interpleader. Gayunpaman, itunuloy pa din ng AGLO ang kanilang illegal na strike.

Ang PTGWO ay nanalo sa legal na eleksyon sa DLTB Co. noong April 2015. Ito ang  may CBA sa kumpanya. Nanggugulo lamang ang AGLO at ang ang issue ng inter union dispute, o kung sino ang dapat na marecognize na unyon ay hindi maaaring maging dahilan ng strike.

Nang magkasundo sa NCMB na magkaroon sa Interpleader case upang masolusyonan ang problema, biglang gumawa ng ibang issue ang AGLO upang i-justify and kanilang strike. Subalit walang kahit na anong dahilan ang maaaring gawin upang maging legal ang kanila strike. Lalo pa at ipinahinto na ito ni Labor Secretary Silvestre Bello III sa kanilang Assumption of Jurisdiction Order.

Ngayong umandar na ang Interpleader case, lalo pang dapat itigil ng AGLO ang kanilang piket at patuloy na pananakot sa mga driver at konduktor ng kumpanya na karamihan ay kasapi sa PTGWO na nais lamang maghanapbuhay at ayaw sumali sa ilegal na strike. Sana ay madaliin ng DOLE ang resolusyon ng kasong ito. Higit sa lahat, sana ay respetuhin ng AGLO ang magiging resulta nito.

Please refer to Atty. Hernan Nicdao:



PTGWO-TUCP is the Legal Union in DLTB and not AGLO

The DLTB Labor Union - Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization is the legitimate and duly certified sole and existing bargaining agent of all the rank and file employees of embattled bus company, DLTB Co. The strike being conducted by members of the Alliance of Genuine Labor Organizations (AGLO) is illegal.


Last April 8, 2015, the DLTB Labor Union, an affiliate of the PTGWO-TUCP, the largest labor organization in the country, won in the certification election. This is a legal process to determine who should represent the employees of a company as a union. The affiliate of AGLO lost. On August 25, 2015 the DLU-PTGWO entered into a Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) with the DLTB Co. The CBA was ratified by the employees and has since become effective and being implemented.


There is an issue of the AGLO allegedly getting the support of employees and has since become the new union of DLTB. This is not allowed under the law. There is a 5-year ban for a new union to enter. This is to preserve industrial peace and is the main objective of unionism. 


AGLO conducted a strike because their union is not being recognized.  Their officers are not being recognized. The union dues being paid by the workers are not going to them. It is about the money of the union members. Still, this representation issue is now the subject of an interpleader case filed by the management of DLTB Co.


The strike is illegal because AGLO is not certified bargaining agent of the workers of DLTB Co. The legitimate union is DLTB Labor Union – PTGWO.


The strike is illegal because the union cannot conduct a strike on the issue of representation. This is prohibited by law. The other issues being said are belatedly being raised. The alleged issue of 13th month pay was not discussed in the NCMB. The alleged issue of underpayment is pending with the NLRC.


The strike is illegal because Labor Secretary Silvestre Bello, III already issued an assumption of jurisdiction (AJ) ordering the strikers to enjoin or cease and desist from striking. This is being blatantly violated by AGLO.


            The strike is illegal because illegal acts were committed during the strike, which includes the blocking of a bus in the gate of DLTB. There is also harassment of drivers and conductors who do not want to join the strike, which resulted to thousands of passengers being stranded.





The Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization-TUCP (PTGWO-TUCP) celebrated Labor Day with a different twist. Instead of the usual picked-fenced or protest-marching towards Mendiola, the PTGWO decided to sweep the streets of Roxas Boulevard, to host a feeding program, and give some financial assistance to some selected persons in which we themed as : “BAYANIHAN sa KALINISAN, KALUSUGAN AT KABUHAYAN”

With over 5,000 participants from the local affiliates inalmost all industries all over the country, including transport, manufacturing, petroleum, mining, food, brewery and the Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (TUCP), the streets of Quirino to T.M. Kalaw was scrubbed, swept, and cleaned, donating over 20,000 man hours. In line with the themed of “KALUSUGAN”, the 64-year-old labor federation conducted a feeding program for over 250 street children of Manila and also gave around 3 kilos of rice and grocery items to several families in the city as well.

Atty. Arnel Dolendo, National President, initiate the awarding of financial assistance, termed as “Tulong Pinansyal para sa Kabuhayan” for 20 selected people with small- scale business establishments, such as fishball vendor and the like, to helped them developed and expand their business. The awardees are overjoyed and thank the federation for the assistance that they have received and promised to the federation that they will used the money to developed their business.

Moreover, several personalities attended the celebration at the Rajah Sulayman Plaza and greeted the PTGWO a “Happy Labor Day”. Some of the guest personalities are Cong. Raymond Democrito Mendoza, TUCP President and TUCP Partylist Representative, who greeted everyone a successful Labor Day Celebration and encourage everyone to vote for said party-list and will ensure to continue to make laws for the betterment of the laborers. Senatorial Candidates Mr. Walden Bello, Mr. Martin Romualdez, and Atty. Allan Montaño, who wishes the PTGWO a Happy Labor Day and promise to defend the rights of the Laborers, to end contractualization and increase the rate of Minimum Wage. Also, Teen-Actress/Singer, Ms. Sue Ramirez attended the celebration and congratulates the Filipino workers for their hard work and dedication to their craft and wishes them to continue to be an inspiration to the youth. Mr. Ferdinand “Bong Bong” Marcos Jr, Vice Presidential Candidate, catch-up with the festivities, and participated with the street sweeping and encourage voters to be vigilant, attentive, and careful in choosing who will be there next leaders. Moreover, he expressed in his speech that he will uphold the rights of workers under the rule of law and to end contractualization which hinders job security and the benefits of workers.

Atty. Hernan G. Nicdao, National Treasurer, acknowledge the presence of everyone and their participation in the said event. Furthermore, he extended his gratitude to those who helped the PTGWO in making this a successful event especially to the City of Manila, Parks Development Office-City of Manila, Coun. Rolan Valeriano, Manila Health Department, Red Cross Philippines, Dir. Lilybelle Borromeo, and to the Department of Labor and Employment.

In other news, the Association of Minimum Wage Earner and Advocates-PTGWO (AMWEA-PTGWO), which counts minimum wage earners comprising around 90% of the working class, as its members, filed again a petition for a P150.00 wage increase. The AMWEA-PTGWO was responsible for the minimum wage increase granted last year by the various wage boards, including that by the DOLE NCR Wage Board of P15.00.

Indeed, the Labor Day could be celebrate with no angry mobs, burning effigies, or causing a horrendous traffic, it could be a peaceful event done by giving back to other the beauty of hard work and dedication.


PTGWO Supports Digong for President and Bongbong for Vice President

Press Statement

May 4, 2016


Big Labor Group Endorses Digong, Bongbong

A major labor federation which counts on 150 local labor unions representing close to a hundred thousand workers has thrown its full support to Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte and Senator Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos, in their campaign to be the next President and Vice President , respectively.

In a statement released today, lawyer ArnelDolendo, President of the Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization (PTGWO) announced that they will mobilize their members to vote and campaign for Duterte and Marcos.

We are throwing our support for Mayor Duterte and Senator Marcos because they are the only two who have expressed a clear program for the workers and their families”, Dolendo said.

He added that the position taken by the two against the pernicious practice of labor contractualization is a major step in ensuring job security and benefits for the workers.

         With the election of Duterte and Marcos, we look forward to a more labor-friendly government in 2016, Dolendo added.

         PTGWO is affiliated with the Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (TUCP).  It has presence in almost all industries all over the country, including transport, manufacturing, petroleum, mining, food, brewery, water distribution, electricity, racing clubs, steel, agriculture, poultry, garments and textile, OFWs and BPOs.Its local unions are scattered nationwide with concentration in the National Capital Region, Cavite, Laguna, Rizal and Batangas in Calabarzon and Bataan, Bulacan, Pampanga and Tarlac in Central Luzon. One of its affiliate organizations, the Association of Minimum Wage Earners and Advocates (AMWEA) was responsible for the minimum wage increase granted last year by the various wage boards, including that by the DOLE NCR Wage Board of P15. The AMWEA-PTGWO, which counts minimum wage earners comprising around 90% of the working class, as its members, filed again this year for a P150 increase.




The Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization release its official statement endorsing 10 senatorial candidates who are;

1. Franklin Drilon
2. Leila De Lima
3. Ralph Recto
4. Serge Osmena
5. Miguel Zubiri
6. Francis Tolentino
7. Martin Romualdez
8. Allan Montano
9. Susan Ople
10. Walden Bello




The Largest Labor Federation in the country with more or less than a hundred affiliate unions in the industries of transport, food, beverages, steel, mining, manufacturing, petroleum, banking, education, garments, electricity and water utilities has once again, dominated the certification election in the Yokohama Tires Company concluded last February 15 & 16, 2016 at CLARK, PAMPANGA.


Alongside with the Department of Labor and Employment-Region III Office, the Alliance of Yokohama Employees-PTGWO (Rank and File) or AYE-PTGWO garnered a 1452 votes in favor PTGWO over the 83 votes while the Alliance of Yokohama Supervisory-PTGWO (Supervisors) or AYS-PTGWO gained a 138 votes in favor of PTGWO over the 94 votes. It is the first time in PTGWO history to have dual elections and gained a landslide win over the two unions.


The YOKOHAMA TIRES PHILIPPINES INC., a rubber manufacturing company in Clark Freeport Zone, Pampanga.  It has stood for 80 years at the edge of technological development in the rubber polymer field.


However, the said victory was not easy to achieved, in fact, two of the officers and PTGWO representatives from Yokohama was barred from entering the companies’ premises and should be terminated by the Yokohama Company however, with the help of the PTGWO officers, especially Atty. Arnel Z. Dolendo, PTGWO National President, the said employees and PTGWO representative have entered the company premises and have cast their votes.


Indeed, Atty. Arnel Z. Dolendo, PTGWO National President, was very pleased with the outcome of the certification elections. He mentioned that it was a consequence of the campaign for responsible trade unionism by both the PTGWO and the two unions. 


PTGWO-DOLE Seminar: "Leadership and Organizational Seminar for the Minimum Wage Earners"

Another PTGWO seminar has been conducted before the end of the year 2015,

The Largest Labor Federation in the country, in cooperation with the Bureau of Labor Relation - Department of Labor and Employment (BLR-DOLE), under the Workers Organizational Development Program (WODP). The seminar was held at the Marco Polo Function Room, El Cielito Inn, Baguio City Benguet last November 26-28, 2015. 

Bro. Darius Guerrero, from PTGWO, facilitated the program and lead the participants to prayer and singing of the national anthem. Thereafter, Atty. Hernan Nicdao, National Secretary, gave his opening remarks. He said that the Organization (PTGWO) deemed it important for trade union and labor organizations to come together regardless of affiliation and discuss very urgent issues that will have an impact on the workers. 

He expected that, after the seminar, the participant shall be able to analyze the global and national trends as they impact on the minimum wage earners, to understand the concept of minimum wages and the necessity of representing their own interests through the formation of their own organization, to assimilate leadership concept an skills from situations intended to enhance capacities for organizational management and development, and to develop action plans or the organization of minimum wage earners at a national level.

Advocating for Living Wage: Law and Principles by Ms. Iza M. Anchustegui (Chef, Wage and Policy Research, National Wage and Productivity Commission - Department of Labor and Employment)


Ms. Iza Anchustegui discusses the laws and practices covering the minimum wage system in the Philippines. One of the law is the Republic Act  6727 (RA 6727) which set minimum wage and promote productivity imporvement to ensure workers' share in the fruits of production and allow business reasonable returns on investment for expansion and growth.

Policy Framework:

  • Protect poor and vulnerable workers
  • Balance between needs of workers and families with employers' capacity to pay within requirements of social and economic development
  • In term of Collective Bargaining, primary mode for setting wages and other terms and conditions of employment
  • Predictable, Regular and moderate adjustments

The National Wage and Productivity Commission:

  • Advisory and consultatie body to the President and Congress
  • Policies and guidelines on wages, incomes and productivity
  • Technical and administrative supervision over the Regional Boards

The Regional Tripartite Wage and Productivity Board:

  • Set regional minimum wages in accordance with guidelines
  • Develop plans, programs and projects relative to wages, incomes and productivity improvement for their respective regions. 


  • Demand for living wages
  • Wage adjustment vis-a-vis the consumer price index
  • Cost of living and changes or increases therein
  • Needs of workers and their families
  • Need to induce industries to invest in the coutryside
  • Imporvements in standards of living
  • Prevailing wage levels
  • Fair return of the capital invested and capacity to pay of employers
  • Effects on employment generation and family income
  • Equitable distribution of income and wealth along the imperatives of economic and social development

 Two-Tiered Wage System:


1.Define the policy space for the minimum wage setting

  • Help Workers and their families meet basic needs
  • Encourage unionsim and collective bargaining

2.Promote productivity and gainsharing

  • Support of the social justice provisions of the Constitution

Minimum Wage - Tier 1:

  • Lowest allowable wage in a region/industry/sector
  • Protect vulnerable workers from undue few wages
  • Mandatory wage orders
  • Above poverty treshold but not exceed average wage



Needs of workers and their families

Poverty Threshold

Employers’ capacity to pay

Average Wage

Requirements for socioeconomic development

CPI, labor force statistics, Gross Regional Domestic Products, etc.


Number of Wage Orders Issued: (285 Wage Orders issued from 1990-2015)


























By Virtue of Petitions



















Motu Proprio

















































Amounts of Minimum Wage Increase: (1989 - 2015)

  • NCR : 481 (392 increased)
  • CAR : 285 (196 increased)
  • I : 253 (164 increased)
  • II : 255 (166 increased)
  • III : 349 (260 increased)
  • IV-A: 362.5 (273.5 increased)
  • IV-B : 285 (191 increased)
  • V : 260 (171 increased)
  • VI : 298.5 (209.5 increased)
  • VII : 353 (264 increased)
  • VIII : 260 (171 increased)
  • IX : 280 (191 increased)
  • X : 318 (229 increased)
  • XI : 317 (228 increased)
  • XII : 275 (186 increased)
  • XIII : 268 (179 increased)
  • ARMM : 161 (250 increased)


Productivity-bases Pay - Tier 2

  • Voluntary Productivity incentive scheme
  • RTWPBs issued advisories to guide enterprises in implementing productivty scheme: Region-wide and Industry specific
  • Promote fair and reasonable sharing of gains based on improvements in productivity/performance
  • Encourage participation of both workers and management in the design and implementation of productivity incentive scheme
  • Tap existing labor-management structure/body or create new one
  • Committee to decide on performance criteria, standards, targets, measurements, coverage, sharing scheme, frequency/schedule of distribution of incentives/bonus etc. 


Environmental Analysis by Mr, Alex S. Morillo (Executive Assistant IV, Office of the Secretary-Dpeartment of Labor and Employment)

Mr. Morillo first discussed the historical development of the statutory minimum wage that on April 6, 1951 the first Minimum Wage Law, otherwise known as Republic Act 602, was enacted to set the minimum wage at Four Pesos (Php 4.00) a day for non-agricultural and Two Pesos (Php 2.00) for agricultural workers. thereafter, minimum wage increases at the national level were promulgated through various issuances such  as Presidential Decrees, Wage Orders, Executive Orders and other Republic Acts and through various wage fixing machineries. Wage increases were granted either in the form of basic wage of cost-of-living allowances.

Statutory Minimum Wage is the lowest wage fised by the law that an employer can pay his workers. The purpose of the law are;

1.    to establish statutory wage rates in the various sectors of employment.

2.    To provide for the protection of wages owing to employees, thru safeguards against deprivation, diminution or restraints on disposition.

3.    To provide for machinery to improve wage level by prescribing minimum wage rates for particular industries above the statutory minimum rates fixed by law, on the basis of an investigation of the living conditions of the employees affected and other factors.


Factors considered in determining a minimum wage (Art. 123, PD 442 as amended):

1.    Cost of Living

2.    Comparable wages and other incomes in the economy

3.    Fair return of the capital invested

4.    Imperatives of economic and social development

5.    Basic and rationale behind minimum wage since 1951 and aggressively pursued by President Marcos since 1975 and followed through to the present administration.



Minimum Wage legislation is a social legislation designed principally for the protection of the lower-paid earners directly setting a floor wage below which their remuneration cannot fall. Minimum wage legislation is not intended to raise the salary scale of all workers/employees. It is intended to raise the standards of competition among employers since minimum wage law protects fair-minded employers for unscrupulous competition who operate their business at lower costs by paying workers below subsistence levels. These employers should not continue to operate their business unless they improve their operation to enable them to pay a legally prescribed minimum wage.

More importantly, the setting of an adequate minimum wage is a pre-requisite for the adoption of a social security program where workers and employers contribute to a common fund to support the program. It should be borne in mind however that it is not reasonable to ask a worker to set aside money for the future when he does not have enough to buy food for today.


Minimum wages are legislated in the Philippines and therefore heavily determined through political process. Thus, minimum wages are really political wages.

In the past, (and as of today), the determination and legislation of minimum wages are undertaken by politicians who scarcely understand the economics and the overall need for a wage policy. Labor’s position on wages is also influenced heavily by inter-union rivalry. In the Philippines, there are several national centers and federations with divergent ideas and political affiliations and beliefs. Some clamor for higher wage increases, others for more increase in social or non-wage benefits.

On July 1, 1989, Congress enacted Republic Act 6727, otherwise known as Wage Rationalization Act, and created the National Wage and Productivity Commission and the Regional Tripartite Wages and Productivity Boards. Through this Act, minimum wage determination was devolved by Congress to the Regional Boards consistent with government policy on decentralization of powers and deregulation. The Regional Boards are empowered to determine minimum wage rates applicable to their regions, provinces and industries.

With the legislation of Republic Act 6727, the government has adopted a policy of non-intervention in wage determination in the private sector. This means that government will set only the minimum floor wage and will leave anything above the prescribed minimum standard to labor-management agreement.

The current statutory daily minimum wage rate is based on a rather complicated structure. There are different rates by industrial sector, by location (outside, inside Metro Manila), and by scale of employment. The effective minimum monthly rates are also highly differentiated depending upon whether the enterprise considers holidays as part of the regular year.

            The statutory wage is a daily rate, and problems arise when monthly equivalents are computed (and also for purposes of computing overtime compensation and for implementing the “no work, no pay” rule). Thus, numerous labor disputes are triggered by the confusion in the application of the many-tiered wage structure.

            The numerous provisions for exemptions provide legal loopholes to employers who are preoccupied with the minimization of their labor costs.

            Since the statutory rates are not across the board, distortions in the salary scale occur. As defined in the implementing rules of the wage orders, distortions mean “a situation where a legislated increase in a minimum wages results in the elimination or severe contraction of a intentional quantitative differences in wage or salary rates between and among employee groups in an establishment so as to effectively obliterate the distinctions…..based on skill, length of service, or other logical basis of differentiations”. Herein lies the limits of statutory wage fixing. Properly, the remedy should be in initiative of employers, in the practice of sound wage and salary administration.



In 1989, the character of minimum wage legislation changed significantly. From a minimum daily wage of Php 8.00/day is 1975, President Marcos successively ordered increase in minimum wage in small, very insignificant amounts ranging from Php 2.00/day to Php 8.00/day, in most instances directing payment of the increases partly in cost of living allowance (COLA) and in the latter years, ordered the integration of the increases to base pay. Note that between 1965 to 1985 (Marcos Regime), President Marcos increased the minimum wage from Php 8.00/day to Php 54.00/day or an increase of Php 46.00 for a period of 20 years.

Observe that President Cory Aquino increased the minimum wage by Php 64.00 within a period of a little over 3 years (December 1987-January 1991). The incidence of wage distortion cases surfaced in June 1989 when the law (RA 6727, Wage Rationalization Act) not only increased the minimum wage  by php 25.00/day (from Php 64.00/day to Php 89.00/day)and set a “ceiling” mandating that employees receiving Php 100.00/day or less were to receive full the same increase. This twin moves wrought havoc in the wage structure within companies, causing severe compression of the wages all the way up to salaries of employees in supervisory/lower management levels.

This is not, however, to say that the policy was wrong – the economic reality is that even the minimum wage is not sufficient to provide a decent standard of living, and therefore the imposition of the “ceiling” was intended to broaden the benefits deprived from the mandatory increases. This policy was therefore a compromise between having limited and minimal benefits of a pure minimum wage increase on the one hand and runaway inflation resulting from a general salary increase on the other hand.

From this historical perspective, therefore, we see this problem of wage distortion as an unwanted but unavoidable evil of the new minimum wage policy. Many individual practices and jurisprudence have withstood the test of changing times. In view of the attempts of the government not only to help lower-paid employees and also to allow more of the wage earners to benefit in the process, it is imperative for us to modify previous thinking in wage legislation so as to attain some way objectives set by the political leadership in helping more of their countrymen.

The law thus provide for the eventual distortions in wage structures as follows:

            ART. 124 – Standards/Criteria for Minimum Wage Fixing. –

                      x x x                x x x                x x x               

Where the application of any prescribed wage increase by virtue of the law or wage order issued by any Regional Board results in distortions of the wage structure within an establishment, the employer and the union shall negotiate to correct distortions. x x x

                                                x x x                x x x                x x x

As used herein, a wage distortion shall mean a situation where an increase in prescribed wage rates results in the elimination or severe contraction of intentional quantitative differences in wage or salary rates between and among employee groups in an establishment as to effectively obliterate the distinctions embodied in such wage structure based on skills, length of service, or other logical bases of differentiation.

x x x                x x x                x x x


            The law is deliberately vague when it suggests the correction upon the occurrence of wage distortion. The reason is simply that the nature and extent of the distortion or disruption will differ from one company to another such that setting specific guidelines or fixed criteria will be impossible. It is thus left to the parties and, when necessary, to the voluntary arbitrator, to correct the distortion. The objective, if one is to go by the definition of “wage distortion” under Article 124 is to restore or at least approximate the quantitative differences in salary based on types and levels of skills, years of service, geographical situs of work, relative rarity of particular skills, educational attainment, and other similar “logical bases of differentiation.”

           Necessarily therefore, the different approaches to correcting wage distortion will be just as varied. However, we may be able to identify broad strategies for addressing the problem, modifying the approaches as the specific needs and circumstances of the employees in a company being considered.

            On the occurrence of a clear wage distortion as contemplated by the law and in past decisions of voluntary arbitrators, the varying approaches are presented for purposes of discussion. Mr. Morillo presented the different suggestion of alternative approaches in dispute resolution.




I.               ADJUST PAY


1.    Grant  Across-The-Board


a)    P


b)   %



2.    Grant graduated amount/percentage


a)    P


b)   %



3.    Combination of 1 and 2




For those above the ceiling, grant Temporary Realignment Allowance (TRA). After JE, integrate TRA to new pay scale.


III.            TEMPORIZE


Grant TRA


-       until next CBA

-       Merit Increase

-       Next government Wage Order


Wage Order No. NCR-03 for the NCR and the corresponding wage orders in the various regions providing for an increase (for Metro Manila) the amount of Php 27.00/day, or Php 706.50/month, will certainly create some problems for many companies.




            The 1987 Philippine Constitution states that “ …The Sate shall afford full protection to labor …xxx… It shall guarantee the rights of all workers … xxx … (who shall be entitled to) … a living wage.”


            The intention of the Constitution is clearly to provide a basis for an adequate and decent standard of living for the worker households.


            The standard of living of the worker-household consists of the consumption basket of goods and services providing nutritional, shelter, health and educational requirements for the adequate maintenance of the family. The standard of living therefore has the most significance for the reproduction and welfare of society as a whole. As such, it is a primary indicator of the national well-being.


            The standard of living would therefore be equivalent to the living wage in the sense that both would represent the minimum budget perceived by the worker household as necessary for them to live adequately and be productive. It should be the amount of the remuneration, both in cash and in kind, that would be sufficient to maintain a worker’s household of average size, in order for th breadwinner to be productive at the workplace.


            The living wage however is currently not an operational concept in the Philippines system of wage determination. One of the primary reasons is that the measurement of what constitutes an adequate, decent living standard has not been officially mandated, although there have been efforts to establish a relationship between the “living wage” and the “cost of living”, especially since the later concept is established in statutory wage fixing.


            The concept of the living wage could be operationalized. It could be derived from the standard of living worker households, indicating their expenditures for the various necessities. It is the amount of remuneration, both in cash and in kind, that would be sufficient to maintain the current needs of an average household. Such amount represents the living standard of the worker household at a given time, necessary to reproduce himself, and the social reproduction of his household, for the next production period.


            The greater challenged the labor force must struggle to face now is to defend their constitutional and statutory rights – towards the formation or consolidation of a one big union. If the workers will have one voice and once action, they will be able to put in place into the political arena friends of labor, who will defend their rights to a decent wag, dignity of labor and quality of life. This is now the beginning of the formation of a Workers Labor Party in the Philippines.


            If formation of one big union, however, is impossible, then the labor groups, in their capacity to unite on common issues, must continue to lobby the Congress and Senate and put pressure on pro-worker bills to be signed into laws, most specifically the wage bills. In the Philippines, there are appointive sectoral labor representatives a.k.a. as congressman. The labor groups must put pressure on these appointed sectorial labor representatives to fight for the protection of the rights of workers under the law through formulation of pro-labor bills/laws and repeal of laws that are anti-union and anti-workers.


Workshop: Organizational Analysis and Identifying Strategic Options by Mr. Jorge Azuelo IndustriALL:

Mr. Azuelo emphasized the study of living wage, according to him, living wage is referred as the wage that an individual adult worker should earn within a 48-hour work week to provide for the family’s basic needs with 10% discretionary income to enable the family to maintain a decent standard of living. The essence of this definition is that every worker should be entitled to full-time work (8 hours per day x 6 days work per week) and earn income sufficient to provide frugal comfort and decent human existence for his/her family. Decent living guarantees the family’s capacity not only to have food on the table for all members but quality family diet that ensures nutritional sufficiency for energy, protein and vitamins and minerals. It should also provide for some savings for future needs.

            The 10% discretionary income is an allowance needed to cover other disbursements for “investments, purchase/amortization of real property, payment of cash loans, purchase of investments as well as savings deposits in the bank”, which was about ten percent (10%) of the disbursements. Discretionary income also covers expenses for leisure and recreation as well as payment for the premium contributions in the Social Security System, Philhealth, Pag-Ibig and other insurances.




The ITGLWF-Philippines Council has developed a formula in computing the living wage. The value of living wage is equal to the estimated cost of decent family living, plus 10% of its value, divided with the number of wage earners in the family. Estimate for the cost of family living should be based on current prices.


Text Box: Formula:
Living Wage = family income x 1.1 divided by the no. of wage earners


Family Basket of Needs and Cost of Living:


The basket of needs consists of:



·                  Food consumption



·                        Non-food consumption



·                        Occupational or work-related expenses



·                        Other necessities




Food items covered consumptions for at least three (3) meal and a snack per day:



o   Meat, fish and poultry


o   Grains and bread


o   Dairy products and beverages


o   Vegetables


o   Condiments


o   Fruits


o   Oil, fats and sweets


o   Food supplements


Non-food items included;


v Personal care products


v Laundry detergents


v Toiletries


v Others



Occupational or work-related needs are the requirements in engaging work or accessing their means of living such as:


Ø  Transportation


Ø  Board and lodging


Ø  Meals, snacks or baon, not included in regular family meals budget



Other necessities:


§  Housing and rental needs


§  School/education costs



§  Healthcare/medical costs



§  Water



§  Gas



§  Electricity


§  Communication


§  Transportation vehicle


§  Household furnishing and equipment


§  Clothing





-       The living wage computation was based on regional condition


-       Reference family based on actual data of 1994 FIES


-       Family model was “the 6th decile group of families solely dependent on wage and salary and classified as non-poor based on NSCB standards for poverty  threshold.


-       A non-poor family means that the family’s income is equal to or above the line/poverty threshold.


-       Although the national average was a family of five, the family of six (6) was used to avoid underestimation of the living wage.


-       The equivalent daily living wage per worker was based on the average number of wage earners per family. 


-       Findings: Data on regional minimum wage rates in 1997 show that all regions, except Region VII, would require more than one minimum wage earner for a household to earn a living wage.


-       Findings: “there appeared to be some sort of established relationship between poverty threshold and living wage.” 


-       Findings: Living wage estimates were found to be higher than the poverty threshold.



-       Conclusion: Living wage may be established by pegging it at a certain percentage above the poverty threshold.

FOOD POVERTY LINE OR FOOD TRESHOLD MODEL by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute-DOST:


Ø  Food Consumption Survey Data provides the basis for food poverty line of food threshold


Ø  Food poverty line or food threshold is the estimate of minimum income below which is a person cannot his food needs.


Ø  Food poverty line or food threshold is determined based on low-cost menu that satisfies 100% of the recommend Dietary Allowances (RDA) for energy and protein and at least 80% RDA for other nutrients for a person performing average activities.




*    A progressive wage policy is regarded as one of the most important factors in economic development where equity and growth are considered desirable goals.


*    Observation: much still remains to be done for wage policy in the country to approximate the constitutional mandate for the institution of living wage standards.



*    Observation: The government has practically adopted a non-interventionist stance on wage determination in the private sector with willingness to provide only the “minimum or floor wage and will leave anything above the prescribed minimum standard to labor management agreement.”


*    Observation: Development policy-makers’ propensity to use the minimalist or the “basic needs approach” which utilizes the poverty threshold as basis not only in wage setting but also in crafting the welfare policies of the government.



*    Critique: the problem with the poverty threshold framework is that it often tends to “equate the need to maintain worker’s productive capacity with the minimum thresholds for survival”.


*    Suggestion: Official policy on wage determination must now fully abandon the minimalist approach in setting wage guidelines. 



*    Suggestion: In accordance with the constitutional mandate, official policy insofar as wage determination is concerned, should now be based upon living wage standards.


*    Suggestion: The policy of non-intervention in wage determination in the private sector should be reviewed.



*    Suggestion: The mechanisms and institutions of labor relations should be freed of needless constraints in order for the right to collective bargaining to function fully. 


*    Suggestion: The government bureaucracy itself could be an major instrument to realize the constitutional mandate for the living wage. Public sector unions must demand that the government be a model employer, and lead in the implementation of the living wage.





*    Suggestion: The government may program a movement in salary structure within a given timeframe to assume living wage standards among government employees.


*    Suggestion: Link living wage standard and “social wage” to fill the gap in living wage standards.



*    Suggestion: A study must be undertaken in order to account for the government subsidies in social services whether they trickle down into the household income as part of the standard of living.


*    Suggestion: For employers, the living wage approach could be a framework for integrating various compensation policies into a package to promote productivity and efficiency in the workforce.



*    Suggestion: If the general policy is to raise the living standard of the population, then the emphasis of promoting small and medium-scale enterprises (where workers in the lower ranges of living standards belong) must be reviewed with respect to social welfare goals.

The stark reality of huge inequality in family income:


·      The income of the richest 10% of the Filipino families in 2006 accounted for 36.0% of the total income of the country


·      Their income is even higher than the combined income of the lowest 60% of the families


·      Their income is also 19 times that of the poorest 10% of families and 260% higher than the national average


·      The highest 30% income group enjoy a double-digit savings while the lowest 30% have up to 10% income deficit.


·      Their savings is 10.2 times that of the combined savings of the lowest 70% income groups.


·      The Gini coefficient or the measure of income equality within a population was estimated at 0.4580 in 2006.


·      This figure is slightly lower than the 2003 ratio of 0.4605.


0 Gini coefficient = perfect income equality among families

1 Gini coefficient = absolute income inequality


The constitution mandates that “The Filipino workers and their families should not be in a situation where they have to choose between buying food or medicine nor between sending children to school or spending first family healthcare”. Evasion from this constitutionally mandated responsibility has unnecessarily burdened the State in fending off the social costs of poverty and gaping social inequities.


By products of poverty and inequality:


-       Insurgencies

-       Industrial disputes

-       Peace and order problems

-       Other social issues such as drugs, family distinctions, etc.


The larger majority of the Filipino populations are practically deprived of their right to meaningfully participate in development of which is not only unjust but also deleterious to the peace and security situation in the country.


This is one of the reasons why the Philippines has the longest running insurgencies in Asia. If not, the whole world.




A.   Initial


o   The low-wage situation at work results to austere spending and poor savings capacity of the family.


o   Budgeting for 83.3% of the sample families appears to be exceptionally tight.


o   Very little or no budget was reported to other household necessities


o   Workers and their families tend to instinctively cope with financial limited by optimizing spending or by shifting the order of priorities even sacrificing some of the most essential non-food life necessities for food.


o   There are indications that unionization is a positive factor in compliance with the legal minimum wage by employees of respondent workers.


o   Around 30% of respondents were working in unionized firms


o   It is safe to infer that 72 % incidence of underpayment among respondents may be due to the absence of unions in the said companies.


o   Almost exactly the same number of respondents (33.33%) gave credit to the union as regards the attainment of better wages.

A.   Recommendation


·      Develop a standard basket of needs for each particular size of family to have a more representative basis in computing the cost of living and the living wage


·      Initiate more consultations among social partners under the auspices of NWPC-DOLE to have a levelling-off on the definition of living wage with the end in view of developing a standard method of computation


·      Encourage more tripartite collaboration on periodic industry wage studies


·      Regionalize or nationalize living wage


·      Periodically review and adjust the living wage figure according to the changes in the cost of living of a particular area or region


·      Conduct deeper study on the impact of implementing living wage in the cost of business in different industries

·      Study the roles and impact of state-initiated social protection programs on family income and expenditures including direct cash transfers;


·      Pursue study on the feasibility of spearheading the implementation of regional, and possibly a national, living wage in the government sector; and


·      For the trade union movement to get its acts together and take the lead in setting the common ground on the issue of living wage upon which various stakeholders may sign up for support.



Minimum Wage Calculator Sample form:


Structured Learning Exercise 1:




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Before Atty. Hernan Nicdao, National Secretary, offi


PTGWO Seminar: "Leadership and Organizational Development Seminars for Joint Industry: Food and Allied Industry Unions

The present biggest labor federation in the Philippines, the Philippine Trade and General Workers Organizations (PTGWO), in coordination with the Department of Labor and Employment, has conducted a three (3) day seminar last September 3-5, 2015 at the Tagaytay International Convention Center, Tagaytay City.


Atty. Arnel Z. Dolendo, National President, opened the convention by expressing his gratitude to the participants-in-training and furthermore, He emphasized the importance of Trade Union Preparation for the upcoming ASEAN Integration this 2015. The consequence of increase mobility would mean that foreign workers would be able to work in the country, a competition in limited employment opportunities. Moreover, Labor Relations has been redefined to standardize terms and conditions of work, regardless of nationality, should be studied to prevent the continuing “Race to the Bottom” treatment of workers. The need to work together as workers from different industries will continue to be periled while industry-specific responses could be pursued.


Ms. Rosalinda A. Manabat, National Treasurer of PTGWO, mentioned that convening the seminar was part of a long-standing partnership between PTGWO and the Department of Labor and Employment. Through the DOLE’s Workers Organizational Development Programs (W.O.D.P.), the PTGWO was able to convene several unions, regardless of affiliations, towards facilitating skills enhancement and establishing a network for collaboration.


The objective of the seminar was not only enhancing leadership capacities of labor leaders but also more so, establishing systems for cooperation and industry-level trade union actions. Mr. Darius M. Guerrero, PTGWO Projects Officer/Executive Director of CORE PEOPLE, INC. and HR/LR Practitioner walked the participants through the objectives and program of the seminar. He explained that the seminar aims to define industry specific responses to the challenges brought about by Globalization, in general, and the ASEAN Integration, in particular.


One possible response is to actually plan collective bargaining so that there would be a semblance of “industry-wide” bargaining initiative that would coordinate different unions of different companies. Interacting with global unions and enterprise-based unions of multinational companies may also be necessary. He mentioned that DO 40-03, promulgated already in 2003 somehow provides the groundwork or industry bargaining but has not been actually utilized.


The program would also allow the participants to re-think collective bargaining from enterprise-based to industry bargaining harnessing the potentials of tripartite industry structures convened by the government.


Mr. Guerrero announced a restructuring of the program, explaining that as a framework general, but brief discussion about Department Order No. 40-03, ASEAN Integration and the Industry Bargaining Experiences will be given but full tackling of the topics will be done by invited speakers from the DOLE towards the end of the semester.


Collective bargaining discussions will serve as a refresher course but it will be further expanded to give the participants the opportunity to tackle its applications at industry-level.


Mr. Alex S. Morillo, Special Assistant to the Secretary of DOLE, gave a discussion regarding the concepts of collective bargaining. “Collective bargaining or negotiations towards collective agreement is a democratic framework under the Labor Code to stabilize the relation between labor and management to create a climate of sound and stable industrial peace. It is a mutual responsibility of the employer and the union and is their legal obligation”. He prepared a Three (3) Inter-related Processes, Research and Preparation, which include Standard of living, Capacity to pay, Cost of living, and Comparative-Norm Principle; Negotiation, and Contract Administration and Evaluation.


Furthermore, Mr. Morillo discuss the five stages of collective bargaining negotiations; (1.) Submission of intention to negotiate and the proposals, sixty (60) days prior to the expiration, (2.) The Company answers the notice to negotiate within ten (10) days, (3.) The initial meeting to discuss the proposal, (4.) If both parties agreed, the CBA will be signed, if not deadlock may be called by both parties, and (5.) Union may file notice of strike, while management may file a notice of lock-out.

In case of DEADLOCK: Both parties may opt for conciliation and mediation in which government representatives through which conciliators or mediators help the parties to settle their disagreement. If the deadlock is not resolved within thirty (30) days, the union can go on strike, while management can lockout. Provided they submitted a strike-vote or lockout vote seven (7) days prior to intended strike or lockout. However, the parties may also opt to elevate the deadlock to compulsory arbitration (CA). the decision of CA can be appealable up to the Supreme Court.


“Integrative or Interest-Based Bargaining: also known as a “Win-win bargaining”, a negotiation strategy in which parties collaborate to find a “win-win” solution to their dispute. This strategy focuses on developing mutually beneficial agreements based on the interests of the disputants. Interests include the needs, desires, concerns, and fears important to each side. They are the underlying reasons why people become involved in a conflict. The Interest-based negotiation (IBN) is depended on the following principles; (a) Separate the people and the problem, (b) Focus on interests, (c) Create options for mutual gain, (d) Know your alternatives (BATNA), and (e) Determine objective criteria.


Considering that conflict is everywhere, increasing knowledge and skills in negotiation can save time and money. It may also allow teams to work well together and be more productive. It is therefore necessary to better under stand conflict. There is an order to conflict- the way that we identify it and respond to it, As we understand conflict better, we begin to see patters emerge. The more we understand individuals in conflict, the better we are able to respond thoughtfully.


According to Thomas-Killman Conflict Mode Instrument, People resolve conflicts through; Competing, Accommodating, Avoiding, Compromising, and Collaborating. The better way to resolving conflicts is through the use of interest- based negotiations. Particularly applicable to developing multi-party alliances and coalitions.


Separate the people from the problem; Negotiators have the ability to separate the substantive problem and their relationship with other. The following entangles people and problems:

·      Perceptions, and Assumptions: Conflict happens in large part because of perceptions and the assumptions we make about ourselves, others and the substance of the problem. “Putting yourself in another’s shoes” (but don’t assume, check it out) – easy to say, sometimes hard to do. Talking about cognitive empathy-understanding how the other side thinks and feels about things. The reality that you need to deal with a negotiation is not necessarily objective reality. The course of negotiation is going to be determined by how you deal with reality, as each side perceives it.

·      Emotion: it makes conflicts to be set on a difficult level. In work place, we do not know how much to acknowledge emotion and what to do with our own and of others.

·      Communication: are also important.


It is important to focus on interests, not positions:

·      Positions are “what you want”

·      They are your pre-determined goals

·      They are often based on power and/or rights

·      The goal in a positional negotiation is to persuade

·      They are win-lose


In contrast, interests are:

·      If positions are “what you want”, interests are “why do you want them?”

·      They are your hopes, fears, concerns and priorities.

·      There are three types:

o   Substantive

o   Procedural

o   Psychological


Negotiations for better management of conflict should focus on the interest:




- Solutions to problems

-Why a particular solution is preferred

- Specific & Definite

-Reasons underlying positions

-Basis for argument

-Require explanation not justification

-Require justification

-Start discussion

-End discussion



It is important to focus on interests because:

·      Interests define the problem

·      Interests allow for a variety of possible solutions

·      Interests allow for a solution that may not involve compromise

·      Interests help us evaluate a possible solution

·      Focusing on interests provides increased understanding between people in conflict.


In understanding interests, we could find other options that could promote mutual gain. It allows us to think out of the box and explore.


It should also allow the negotiators to define their “Best Alternative to Negotiated Agreement” or BATNA; (a) Know your BATNA focusing on what you want to achieve and the different ways to accomplish this, (b) Strengthen your BATNA by constructing your BATNA to be more achievable, probable, or satisfying more of your interests, and improves your confidence during negotiations, and (c) Consider other side’s BATNA by making their BATNA less attractive to them.


Lastly, it is important that we set Objective Criteria for understanding fairness and acceptability.


Second Day, a workshop was established in which the participants are dived into groups of four (4). Each group will have to indicate the different problems that the Unions are facing and the action or solutions regarding for those problems. Furthermore, some groups declare some policy or law regarding to the action.


After the activity, Mr. Darius Guerrero discusses the upcoming challenges for the Trade Union. The demands of the globalizing market consequently result to the redefinition of labor relations. Very recently, he said, the initiatives towards ASEAN Integration, which includes working towards increased mobility of the labor force, will greatly affect unionism and employment.


He proceeded to explain that Globalization is used to generally describe the various totality of global changes that tends to redefine nation-state boundaries: the fast changing and developing information and communication technology; the increasing domination by computers and robotics; the regional economic groupings that lay down policies on tariff and trade; globalism with the creation of yet another global regulatory mechanism – the World Trade Organization; the retreat of many communist regimes and their seeming embrace of the “evils” of capitalism; the seeming lack of vision and strategy particularly among political leaders of the East to set-up alternative societal systems that are more authentically humanist; labor migration policies; and the powers and structures of multinational companies and global financial institutions.


He also cited that the current economic situation of the United States or even Japan is affecting the workers and countries of the East. Companies that are either export-oriented or are import-dependent particularly on parts/assemblies or raw materials from other parts of the globe resulted in the repatriation of many of our overseas contract workers. We are experiencing major lay-offs in our semi-conductor industry. He noted the obvious incapacity of our economy to actually absorb the displaced workers from both the local and overseas employment.


Unions in its traditional character and nature are threatened by more dynamic and “out of the box” systemic innovations and/or legal “circumventions”. Focused on regular and permanent employment, union membership is at a decline and employment relations become more complicated rendering it difficult to ensure security of tenure of its member. The Petroleum and Chemical Industry unions are facing a similar fate with the continuing entrants of other industry players and the increased flexibilization of labor.


Considering the premises, strengthening trade unions, the only organization of workers that has both the track record and the legal guarantees to pursue the rights and welfare of the workers, becomes more imperative.


It is within the framework that leaders of the unions in the industry have to be continuously trained with the necessary leadership skills and capacities that will help them respond to the challenges of the times.  (see DOLE DO 40-03, section 1)


Last Day of the Seminar, Hon. Jasper Jay Javines from the Department of Labor and Employment explains the concepts and experience of industry bargaining, that the Legal Frameworks for which the discussions about bargaining are hinged on the Constitution of the Philippines, Labor and Social Legislation, Civil Code Provisions on Contracts, Company Rules and Regulations and Collective Bargaining Agreements.


It is important to, first, determine whether there is an existence of Employer-Employee Relationship through understanding:

·      Selection and Hiring

·      Payment of Remuneration/ Wages

·      Control

·      Dismissal

Grievance, is a dispute or controversy between the employer and the collective bargaining agent/employee arising from the interpretation or implementation of their CBA and/or those arising from the interpretation or enforcement of company personnel policies, for the adjustment and resolution of which the parties have agreed to establish a machinery or a series of steps.


The National Conciliation and Mediation Board mandate:

·      Ensure prompt response to all labor-management disputes that may arise;

·      Shall work towards early and amicable settlement.


Hon. Benjo Santos M. Benavidez, O.I.C. Director, Bureau of Labor Relations – DOLE, tackles the issue of ASEAN Integration. His presentations will focus primarily on the aspects relating to Labor and Employment. He explained that the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) intends to deepen and broaden economic integration through; Single market and production base, Competitive economic region, Equitable economic development, and Full integration in global economy.


Moreover, the Labor-sector action points are cross-cutting in the three (3) ASEAN Community Blueprints:

1.     ASEAN Political-Security Community:

·      Strengthen criminal justice responses to trafficking in persons

·      Protect victims of trafficking

2.     ASEAN Economic Community:

·      Facilitate movement through issuance of visas and employment passes of business persons and skilled labour

·      Work toward recognition of professional qualifications

·      Complete negotiations of, develop new, and implement mutual recognition arrangements

·      Strengthen human resource development and capacity building in the area of services

·      Develop core competencies and qualifications in priority services occupations

·      Strengthen active labour market program capacities in Member States.

3.     ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community:

·      Invest in human resource development

·      Promote decent work

·      Strengthen entrepreneurship skills

·      Provide social welfare and protection against possible negative effects of globalization.

·      Protect and promote migrant workers.


Director Benavidez pointed out on the action points of the Labor-sector. He stresses that contrary to perceptions, labor mobility refers only to certain skills and professions. He also clarified that under the AEC 2015, another misconception is that it promotes labor migration. He clarified the difference:


Movement of Natural Persons (MNP)

Labor Migration (OFWs and Immigrants)

Only covers specific categories of natural persons – business visitors, investors, intra-corporate transferees and contractual service suppliers

Open to all jobseekers and/or employees

Service suppliers only in sectors covered in the commitments of destination country (Service C)

Employees in any sector of the destination country

Employees of a Member’s service supplier moving to a service consumer in another Member State to provide the services:

Cannot work for government

Employees of any business in destination (government, non-government, domestic or foreign)

Cannot access labor market in destination countries:

Cannot apply for citizenship or residency

Temporary contracts may lead to permanent employment & residency


The success of any organization depends so much on the combined efforts of each individual member. In fact, teamwork may be its competitive edge over their competitors.


He (Hon. Benavidez) assured the unions that while a lot of things have yet to be done, DOLE continuously ensures that the workers are protected and that their rights are promoted.


In Closing, National Executive Board Member Mr. Virgilio Alcantara, President of Indophil Textile Workers Union, thanked the officers of the PTGWO and the participating union for a very productive seminar. He said that his union has been with the PTGWO for more than three (3) decades and it will continue to be part of the organization knowing that it remains forward looking to prepare the workers to up-coming challenges of the times. He proposed greater collaboration and cooperation between unions in the industry regardless of affiliations in order to address the issue of contractualization and the increasing possibility of threat caused by labor migration/ entrance to the country. 


PTGWO Local Seminar: “Problems Confronting Union” for Meddleby Phil. Corporation Workers Union Independent-PTGWO

Last 18th October of 2015 at Laguna Technopark, Sta. Rosa Laguna, the Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization (PTGWO), have conducted a Seminar for their local union member of Meddleby Phil corporation workers union regarding the different problems confronting unions.


The said topic tackles the different issues that our trade unions are facing today such as Globalization, Employment Situation and the like which is happening right now. The impact of import liberalization unto our local union are massive and with the upcoming ASEAN Integration, the rise of contractualization will someday, overgrow our regular workers.


The speaker, Mr. Alex Morillo, a former UP professor and union president, have discussed to the regular workers of Meddleby Phil. Corporation on their Union’s current situation, their problems which what they are currently facing, and solutions for those issues.


With the Question and Answer style, which the participants asked different inquiries or questions and then answered by the speaker, they we’re able to formulate different ideas/proposals to be included with their CBAs.


Indeed, the members of Meddleby Phil. Corp. Workers Union Independent-PTGWO are grateful for the seminar conducted by the PTGWO for them. 


A “Working” Labor Day 

Biggest Labor Group to Sweep the Stretch of Roxas Boulevard in Manila on May 1


It will be a very different Labor Day for the biggest labor federation in the country, the Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization (PTGWO). The 63-year old federation, which counts among its affiliates around a hundred labor unions in almost all industries all over the country, including transport, manufacturing, petroleum, mining, food, brewery, water distribution, electricity, racing clubs, steel, agriculture, poultry, garments and textile, OFWs and BPOs, chose not to join the usual Labor Day rallies and pickets, but instead to sweep the streets of Roxas Boulevard in Manila and nearby areas.  

 “PTGWO would be engaging in ‘Bayanihan sa Kalinisan’. With around 5,000 volunteer members, giving 4 hours of their time, to use walis tingting and sweep the streets of Roxas Boulevard and nearby areas, we would be donating a total of 20,000 manhours of actual work for Labor Day for the City of Manila.”, stated Atty. Arnel Z. Dolendo, National President of PTGWO.

The members of PTGWO would actually be marking Labor Day with a celebration of camaraderie. The event would not be marked by the usual angry mob of workers chanting anti-government slogans. The group would thereafter conduct a program and listen to their invited guests and partners from the City Government of Manila, the Department of Labor and Employment and the Metro Manila Development Authority at the Raja Sulaiman Park.

“Usually, after their labor day parade, the streets of the Metro are left dirty with the trash of the rallyists. With this group it is the opposite.”, said Tolentino. The MMDA Chairman. 

Labor and Employment Secretary Rosalinda Dimapilis-Baldoz applauded the PTGWO for choosing environment clean-up as one of its highlight activities for the Labor Day commemoration.

“This is a different kind of Labor Day event for the PTGWO. I believe this indicates PTGWO’s high level of maturity in its fastidious effort to protect the welfare of workers. It’s a creative way to exercise its role as partner of management in maintaining industrial peace in the workplace, and as a good corporate citizen. The PTGWO has progressed to be a sincere ally of the government and the public in protecting the environment,” Baldoz said. 

“It is not that we are contended with what a majority of our workers receive in salaries and benefits. There is so much more left to be desired to uplift the welfare our workers. It is just that we feel that there should be a different, yet far better way, of expressing it. Through the bayanihan sa kalinisan, by being productive even on Labor Day, we feel that we may be able to pierce though the moral scruples of our employers, and make them realize their employees are their hardworking partners, justly deserving a tangible share in the profits that they reap.”, explained Dolendo.

An affiliate of PTGWO, the Association of Minimum Wage Earners and Advocates (AMWEA) was responsible for the recent minimum wage increase granted by the DOLE NCR Wage Board of P15. The AMWEA-PTGWO, which counts minimum wage earners comprising around 90% of the working class, as its members, appealed the said increase. The group argued that the minimum wage should match the declared living of P1,200 for a family of 5 members.

“AMWEA-PTGWO filed a proper petition with the Wage Board and the NWPC to try to achieve its objective for the workers. It presented its argument that the minimum wage should be a living wage. And, we believe that in the end, AMWEA-PTGWO will be upheld, as the grant of a living wage is a Constitutional guaranty.”

The PTGWO, the federation with the most number of registered labor unions with collective bargaining agreements (CBA) is recognized in the labor movement as a beacon of responsible trade unionism. We always try to resolve our issues with the management in a cordial and peaceful manner. We would like to bring this culture out so that industrial peace would be achieved throughout the country’s work environment.”, continued Dolendo.


AMWEA-PTGWO Appeals NCR Minimum Wage Increase

The Association of Minimum Wage Earners and Advocates (AMWEA-PTGWO) appealed the measly P15 wage increase granted by the NCR Wage Board.

Margarita Grefaldio, President of the AMWEA-PTGWO, stated that while the group is thankful for the immediate grant by the Wage Board, the amount of the increase is difficult to accept.

The petition before the National Wages and Productivity Commission of the AMWEA, organized under the wing of the Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization (PTGWO), the biggest federation of labor unions in the country today, reiterated the basis for the P146.80 prayer for minimum wage increase. It is the difference between the living wage of P1,200.00 for a family of 6 and the present minimum wage of P466.00, which is P734, divided into 5 equal awards.

Living wage is the amount of family income needed to provide for the family’s food and nonfood expenditures with sufficient allowance for savings and investments for social security. By granting a mere P15 increase, the gap between the minimum wage and the family living wage would not be narrowed.”, lamented Grefaldio.

AMWEA is the first and only labor group that argued that living wage by the wage boards is mandatory as this is guaranteed by the Constitution. The AMWEA counts minimum wage earners, which comprise around 90% of the working class, as its members. 


Landslide Win for PTGWO in DLTB Bus Company

The DLTB Labor Union – PTGWO won via landslide in the voting for the Certification Elections in the Del Monte Land Transport and Bus Company (DLTB) concluded last April 8, 2015. 

The DLU-PTGWO union is an affiliate of the Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization (PTGWO), the biggest labor federation in the country. The 63-year old federation counts around a hundred affiliate unions in almost all industries, including transport, food, beverage, steel, mining, manufacturing, petroleum, banking, universities, garments, electricity and water utilities. 
DLU-PTGWO garnered almost 2/3 of the total votes cast for the uncontested voters. It received a total of 513 votes, or 231 votes higher than the local union of the second placer, AGLO. There were around 290 segregated votes, mostly contested by the losing contender, and were therefore expected to be votes for DLU-PTGWO.

The PTGWO would just be awaiting the formal proclamation of DLU-PTGWO by the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) as the certified bargaining agent of the DLTB, an emerging provincial bus transport company plying the Metro Manila to Southern Luzon, Bicol and Visayas routes. In just around 4 years of operations, the number of employees of DLTB, including bus divers, conductors, mechanics, inspectors and office workers, has ballooned to almost 2,000. Soon, these rank and file employees of DLTB would benefit from industrial peace and the Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) that the union would enter into with its management. 

Atty. Arnel Z. Dolendo, PTGWO National President, was very pleased with the outcome of the certification elections. He mentioned that it was a consequence of the campaign for responsible trade unionism by Team DLU-PTGWO led by PTGWO National Secretary, Atty. Hernan Nicdao and Union President Ericson Rotoni.


For the third time in the history of Philippine labor movement,
the Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization (PTGWO)
lead the 2014 International Labor Day at Mendiola.

In partnership with the NAGKAISA and other trade union groups, PTGWO take its vital role in leading a massive mobilization rally at Mendiola, Manila. More than 150 local union affiliates from transport, manufacturing industries of textile, garments, metal, petroleum, chemicals, food, beverages, mining , electronics, and paper gathered together to show its full forces to express its disappointment on PNOY government.

President Aquino deliberately failed to resolve issues presented by the labor groups during May 1, 2013 Labor Day Meeting at Malacañan. Less than a year, in spite of regular meetings and dialogues, labor groups truly dissatisfied and ashamed to the government when it realized that this administration did not resolve any issues according to April 29, 2014 meeting.

PNOY administration is not clear on social workers policies specifically for the betterment of all workers. Extensive contractualization endure by the corporations, high percentage of unemployment rate of 7.3%, living conditions of workers are constantly worsening because of bureaucrat-capitalists, low wages, and poor working conditions is still exist in the world of work in the country.   

According to Atty. Arnel Z. Dolendo on his interview, “anti-worker policies still precluded the workers in general to enjoy the lawful and humane working conditions. Workers should be united to hold the attention of this administration and take serious actions on many issues facing by the workers, perhaps, this is the right time for us to work together and be more aggressive”.

“We cannot let our future and our next generation to put in the hands of this current government. We can start and use this kind of mobilization protest to call the interest of all working people to take their part in calling for corrective change in our society. It is better to do something than doing nothing” he added.

May 1, 2014 International Labor Day celebration espouses the following agenda to PNOY administration to put in the government priority list.

  1. Create more job with decent wages 
  2. Additional wage increase for workers
  3. Increase wage compensation for the employees of public service
  4. Passage of Security of Tenure Bill and abolish all forms of precarious work
  5. Realignment of Philippine Labor Code in the ILO Convention 87 and 98
  6. Ratification of ILO Convention 151 for Public Service
  7. Government must take control the increasing prices for electricity, water, and oil and
  8. Wide social security coverage’s for informal workers.


For the fourth time in the history of the Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization (PTGWO), the organization
exercises its true and democratic process in electing national president through a special national convention.

The Special National Convention was called by the PTGWO Executive Board upon the untimely death of the former late National President Victorino F. Balais. The PTGWO family call the said convention in order to continue the unfinished term of the late national president and never let the business of the organization be hampered or impeded.

On February 20, 2014 at Occupational Safety and Health Center in Quezon City, the PTGWO held its historic special national convention whereby the voice, opinion and decision of the workers was heard. About 500 national delegates, union president and officers, government officials, public and private sectors, leaders from other trade union federations, TUCP, NAGKAISA, SASK-Finland, and IndustriALL Global Union witness the democratic process of the PTGWO in electing national president.

The special national convention unanimously voted Atty. Arnel Z. Dolendo as the newly elected national president of the Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization (PTGWO). He will continue the term of the late national president until 2016 or until the organization will hold its 20th National Convention.

During his acceptance speech, Atty. Arnel Z. Dolendo, the newly elected National President applauded his tremendous thankfulness to the delegates and sincerely posed the supports and commitments of all PTGWO local union affiliates until the end of his term on 2016.

He highlighted that, “the success of an organization is not on the style and charm of the leadership, it is basically on how the leadership respect and listen to the opinion of his members. The foundation of an organization cannot measure on the achievements obtain by the great leader but perhaps it should be on how the membership remember the process of freedom and democratic practices in the organization”.

He encouraged each union member to become part of all dialogues and decisions-making process in order to build a strong and vibrant future for the PTGWO.

The PTGWO decent work plan of action still recognized and nevertheless dedicated to all leaders who gave their life for the organization in the past 61 years of existence in labor movement in the Philippines.

VIBRANT---in attempt to continue to lead the workers as partner of capitalist in service and productivity in exchange of fair wage and benefits, despite worsening crises plaguing the world and humanity.

INDEPENDENT---from all influence of evils, greed and unfair undertakings; and 

CARING---understanding that the world and mankind is in worsening crises, that it should not only focus its capability and resources in protecting the right and interest of workers.


Mr. Victorino F. Balais

Isang mahusay na ama, kaibigan, kapatid, tagapayo, at lider manggagagawa ang lumisan na sa ating mundo. Bagama’t sa kanyang paglisan, ang kanyang mga kontribusyon at nagawa para sa sektor ng kamanggagawaan ay hindi malilimutan at patuloy na ipaglalaban.


Sa nakalipas na halos 50 taon, halos kasabayan lamang ng pagkakabuo ng PTGWO ng nagsimulang maging lider manggagawa si Mr. Victorino F. Balais. Ang kanyang debosyon para tulungan ang mga maliliit na mangggawa ang siyang naging kanyang tuntungan para tumayo bilang isang lider manggaggawa. Ang kanyang pangalan bilang “Boss Vic” ay tumatak mula noon hanggang ngayon sa larangan ng unyunismo.

Si Mr.Balais ay ipinanganak noong Ika-2 ng Nobyembre 1936 sa bayan ng Laoag, Ilocos Norte at napangasawa si Ginang Evelina German Balais. Matapos ang ilang taon ng pagsasama, sila ay nabiyayaan ng dalawang anak na pawang mga propesyunal na sa kanya-kanyang laranangan.

Si Boss Vic ay nakapagtapos sa larangan ng Criminology, subalit ang kanyang adhikain at dedikasyon para i-angat ang antas ng kamanggagawaan ang siyang kanyan pinanghawakan sa halip na ipagpatuloy ang propesyon bilang alagad ng batas. Siya ay nagsimula bilang isang ordinaryong manggagawa at miyembro sa CMC Industry at kalaunan ay iniluklok ng kanyang mga kapwa kasapi sa samahan bilang taga-pangulo. Ang kanyang tikas, boses, at talino ang kanyang naging puhunan para igalang at irespeto ng bawat kasapi sa samahan. Makalipas ang ilang taong pamumuno sa lokal na unyon, si boss vic ay tumungo sa isang malawak na responsibilidad bilang organisador sa nasyunal na pamunuan ng Philippne Transport & General Workers Organization (PTGWO – 1974) at kalaunan ay naging National Treasurer ng PTGWO sa ilalim ni Mr. Andres Dinglasan. At noong 1997, si Mr. Victorino F. Balais ay naluklok bilang National President ng PTGWO. Pinamunuan niya ang nasyunal na samahan patungo sa isang makabago at matatag na samahan. Ang pagpapalawak at pagpapatatag ng PTGWO ang kanyang unang priyoridad kung kaya’t sa kasalukuyan, ang PTGWO ay mayroon nang humigit kumulang na 17,000 miyembro sa buong Pilipinas mula sa pormal at impormal na sektor.

Ang kanyang tagumpay sa buhay at pagiging unyunista ay tunay na maipagmamalaki. Siya ay naging Social Security System Commissioner noong 2002 hanggang 2010 at Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA)  Board of Trustee hanggang sa kasalukuyang taon 2013. Presidente ng Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (TUCP), miyembro ng National  Tripartite Industry Peace Council (NTIPC) at Integrity Efficiency Board ng Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE). Ang kanyang pangalan ay tumatak na sa loob ng Pilipinas maging sa iba’t-ibang bansa na kanyang pinuntahan para i-representa ang sektor ng labor sa mga pandaigdigang diskusyon para sa proteksyon ng kamanggagawaan.


“Mahalaga na napag-uusapan ang mga problema upang lubusang makagawa ng tamang aksyon at desisyun na kung saan ay tunay na panalo ang manggagawang Pilipino”… Vic F. Balais, PTGWONational President


Para sa iyo “BOSS VIC” – isang mataas na pagpupugay at pagsaludo

ang nais naming ipabaon sa iyo.




STOP Violence and Provide Justice for Cambodian Workers

In January 3, 2014, the Cambodian workers hold its peaceful demonstration to call the attention of the government to fairly increase their minimum wage in which the offer of the government last December 2013 of US$95 per month is actually insufficient.

According to Atty. Arnel Z. Dolendo, PTGWO National Secretary and Convenor of the National Coalition for Minimum Wage Earner, "launching a peaceful strike of workers in Cambodia last January 3, 2014 is clearly human rights and supported by the international standards".

Beaten up which resulted to the death of four demonstrator, injuries of more than 20 and arrest of 39 strikers is a direct attack to the freedom of expression stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and concurrently to the freedom of association of all workers.  Besides, doing and being part of strike is not an offense or a crime that violates the local laws, he added.

The PTGWO Executive Officers and its members during their meeting last January 12, 2014 profoundly condemn the killings and violence. Likewise recommend to be part of all global actions for the immediate release of all workers who suffered in jail without a clear infringement.

Together with the Industriall Global Union which the PTGWO is a member, widen its hope that the “Cambodian Government will return to the negotiating table and agree to a fair wage to at least meet the basic needs and expenses of each Cambodian workers”. In fact, according to the research study of the IndustriALL, a family of four needs US$260 to cover basic expenses of a family.


PTGWO Review its Policies and Programs through Participatory Gender Audit.

For the past 60 years of existence in the Philippine labor movement, the National Executive Officers of Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization (PTGWO) in cooperation of the International Labor Organization sub regional office in Manila review policies and programs of the organization through the gender participatory audit.

Mr. Victorino F. Balais, National President, PTGWO, said that his participation in promoting the equality between men and women started in 70’s.

 “Imagine if union has no women – it looks like a home without a mother”. The union at this age should follow the golden rule in promoting equality between men and women. The traditional judgment of inequality and discrimination must put an end to. We are union, we are the one supposedly promote the interest and protect the rights of all workers and not the one that tried to downgrade the morality and injustice, he added.

The workshop evaluation recommended to the Executive Board of the PTGWO for its approval the following action agenda:

  • Orientation Session on Sexual Harassment at the Local Level including the complaint mechanism
  • Gender Sensitivity Training at the National Level
  • Formation of database profile system for women and youth
  • Review the Constitution and By-Laws of all local unions


    The National President of the Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization (PTGWO-TUCP), Mr. Victorino F. Balais, announced today that the PTGWO-TUCP will support the candidacy of eight senators and the Trade Union Congress Party List in the upcoming May 2013 elections. Mr. Balais is likewise the President of the Trade Union Congress of the Philippines, which is the biggest confederation of labor federations in the Philippines. The announcement was made in the presence of the officers of the 110 union members of PTGWO-TUCP.

    PTGWO-TUCP is one of the oldest and established labor federations in the country that comprises more than 100 labor unions, the members of which come from various industries including public service, textile garments and leather, banking and insurance, construction, mining, workers in informal economy, migrant workers, sports/gaming-casino, agriculture farm and meat, metal, foods and beverages, transport and trucking, school and academe, pharmaceutical and chemical, paper, maritime, among others.

   In a Resolution released on 24 April 2013, the PTGWO-TUCP endorsed the candidacy of the following Senatorial aspirants:

  1. JUAN "JACK " PONCE ENRILE, JR.               
  2. EDGARDO "SONNY" M. ANGARA                   
  3. CYNTHIA VILLAR                                               

      The PTGWO-TUCP stated in its resolution that there is a need for effective and dependable advocates of worker's rights in the Philippine Congress to enact legislation that would serve the State's policy to afford protection to labor, promote employment and human resources development and insure industrial peace based on social justice.

    According to the PTGWO-TUCP, the senatorial candidates they selected share the federation's legislative agenda of promoting worker's rights and protecting the welfare of those who have less in life. The PTGWO-TUCP declared that the senatorial aspirants they will support will endure that the plight of the working class is heard in the halls of Congress.



PTGWO Supports the Implementation of the New RH Law

PTGWO welcomes the start of the implementation of the new RH Law. The RH Law prescribes the provision of services to all Filipinos through the goverment agencies and facilities.

Passage of SIn Tax Law, Applauded by PTGWO

With the passage of the Sin Tax  Law, the PTGWO expects that the government can now provide better health programs to the Filipinos.

PTGWO Welcomes 2013 with a Bang

To usher the new year with a bang, the PTGWO gathered all its local affiliates to a thanksgiving celebration for the successfull 2012.




Victorino F. Balais of the Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization (PTGWO) is the new TUCP President. He was unanimously elected by the delegates to the 8th Regular Convention and 37th Anniversary Celebration of the Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (TUCP).  His term of office will run for the next five years until the next TUCP Convention.

December 14, 2012 launched the renewal of the trade union Center’s commitment to the Filipino workers starting with the selection of the new leadership for the Center.  TUCP’s Executive Board is now composed of Balais as President, Gerard Seno of ALU as General Secretary, Esperanza Ocampo of PGEA as Treasurer and Dolores Alegarbes, Temistocles Dejon, Concepcion Dodd, Arnel Dolendo, Edmund Estavillo, Arthur Juego, Gilbert Lorenzo, Michael Mendoza, Gerry Rivera, Cecilio Seno, Jose Suan and June Elizabeth Tanqueng as Members of the Board.

TUCP’s Convention – the highest governing body of the center - is held every five years. The Convention not only elects the leadership of the TUCP but sets the direction of the trade union Center for the next five years.

More than 300 trade union leaders from majority of the affiliate-labor federations of TUCP attended. Among these are PTGWO and the Associated Labor Unions (ALU) – the two biggest labor federations in the country – PGEA, KILUSAN, ATU, AWATU, KKKP, Tesda-Ace, CLASS, PALEA, NUPP, PIILU and  PSU.


PTGWO's National Treasurer Ms. Rosalinda Manabat Appointed by President Aquino

President Benigno S. Aquino III administered yesterday the oath of office to 34 new government officials, including new state-owned Clark Development Corp. (CDC) chair Eduardo Oban Jr. and the five new commissioners of the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF), in Malacañang.

Oban, former chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, formally took his oath as acting member in the board of directors of the CDC. Also sworn into office were lawyer Mehol Sadain, Salem Demuna, Edilwasif Baddiri, Esmael Ebrahim, and Mirkarl Allian as new NCMF commissioners. They will have a term until March 7, 2016.

Senatorial candidate Yasmin Busran-Lao also took her oath as Presidential Assistant for Muslim Concerns with the rank of undersecretary. Among the new government officials were Elmar Ingles, member representing consumer groups in the Optical Media Board; Lucena Samson, part-time commissioner representing the Pampango Language in the Commission on the Filipino Language; Ma. Cristina Flores, aprt-time commissioner representing the Pangasinan Language in the CFL and Lorna Flores, part-time commissioner representing the Languages of Southern Cultural Communities in CFL.

Francia Conrado was formally named member of the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board (MTRCB) while Marco Santiago was designated Presidential Legislative Liaison Officer III.

The new members of the National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC) are Rosalinda Manabat representing workers in the formal sector and migrant workers, Delfa Talaid representing artisanal fisherfolk, Norisa I. Sabirin, member representing children, Ponyong Kaldos representing indigenous communities, Emmanuel Villafuerte representing senior citizens, Gloria Madayag representing calamity victims, Marilou Tapia representing farmers and landless workers, Marlon Manuel representing NGOs, Linda Paracuelles representing the Urban Poor, Gibby Gorres representing the youth, and Teresa Fernandez representing women.

By: Genalyn D. Kabiling
Manila Bulletin
National News
April 18, 2012


PTGWO's National President Victorino Balais elected as TUCP General Secretary

Commissioner Victorino “Boss Vic” Balais, PTGWO’s National President was unanimously elected by the TUCP General Council as its General Secretary last 24 January 2012. He will serve the position until the next National Convention of the largest confederation of labor organizations in the Philippines.

The Philippine Trade and General Workers Organization (PTGWO) has been one of the founding organizations of the Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (TUCP) in 1975. PTGWO’s former President Andres L. Dinglasan has also served TUCP as its General Secretary and later on as its National Vice President.

The federation saw the ascent of the TUCP into its national prominence and has vigorously contributed in building its reputation as the foremost labor organization in the country. PTGWO is one of the most aggressive affiliates of TUCP bringing a considerable force to the national center through its massive membership in times of advocacies and demonstrations.   

Commissioner Vic Balais replaced former Senator Ernesto Herrera as TUCP General Secretary after the latter vacated the position. Consequent to the election, the TUCP General Council also appointed PTGWO’s Legal Counsel Hernan Nicdao as TUCP’s Assistant General Secretary. He will perform his mandates and work under the direction of the General Secretary.

With the National President of PTGWO now holding the position of General Secretary, TUCP will move towards a more accountable and transparent organization. It will continue its mandate of working for and in behalf of the Filipino workers to ensure dignity, justice and decency at work.


PTGWO 19th Convention, pinagtibay ang pagpapalit ng pangalan ng pederasyon, mula sa Philippine Transport & General Workers Organization, tungo sa Philippine Trade & General Workers Organization.

FOR THE MEMBERS' PLEASURE. Nagtatanong ang mga kasapi ng PTGWO sa industriya ng pagkain, inumin, bangko, serbisyo at entertainment—bakit daw sila nakasapi sa isang pederasyon ng "transport", samantalang hindi naman sila empleyado sa industriya ng sasakyan? Nothing is permanent in this world, but change. Kaya, para sa kapayapaan ng kalooban ng ating kasapian, pinagtibay ng 19th Convention ng PTGWO na ginanap sa Sulu Riviera Hotel sa Quezon City, noong November 26, 2011 na palitan ang pangalan ng PTGWO. Changing the word "transport" to "trade". Trade means the business done by companies. Kaya lahat ng empleyado ng mga nagne-negosyo, ano man ang negosyo, with the word "trade" in our new name, puwedeng maging kasapi ng PTGWO. Sa kaso naman ng mga informal sectors, sila ay puwede rin, under the word "general" in our name.

PASKO NA. Merry Christmas. 2,044 years na ang nakalipas mula ng isilang si Jesus Christ. Maraming kuwento kung paano at bakit ipinagdiriwang ang pasko. May mga tanong—totoo ba na December 25 ipinanganak si Jesus Christ?

Ano man ang kuwento, ang mahalaga ay dumating sa atin si Jesus Christ. Sabi ng Bibliya, ang sakripisyo ni Jesus Christ nang itigis ang kaniyang dugo sa lupa ng mundong ito ay ang katubusan natin mula sa walang kapatawarang kasalanan na ipinamana sa atin nina Eva at Adan. Samantalahin natin. Hindi natin maiwasan ang magkasala, pero dahil binigyan tayo ng pribeleheyong magsisi at mapatawad. Let's do it. Pagsisihan natin ang ating mga kasalanan at huwag nang ulitin.

PTGWO CONVENTION. Matagumpay na naidaos ang 19th convention ng PTGWO noong November 26, 2011 sa Sulu Reviera Hotel sa Quezon City. Humigit kumulang 500-delegado at mga panauhin ng PTGWO ang dumalo.

Napagtibay ng Convention ang mga napapanahong amendments sa Saligang Batas nito. Ang pagpapalit ng pangalan ng PTGWO. Ang pag-aalis ng posisyong 2nd Executive Vice President. Ang pagiging halal ng National Secretary at ang pagbuo ng PTGWO Council of Industry Vice Presidents. Matagumpay din na naitalaga ang 2011-2016 Executive Officers ng PTGWO. Website ng PTGWO, nailunsad din.

Ang may responsibilidad sa pangkalahatang pamamahala sa pederasyon ay ang Executive Board. Samantalang ang Council of Industry Vice President, ay sa kani-kaniyang monitoring and organizing sa kani-kanilang pinamumunuang industriya, gayundin sa pagresolba sa mga kritikal na isyung ire-refer sa kanila ng Executive Board.


PTGWO at 58 Years - 19th National Convention

PTGWO one of the biggest and longest labor federation in the Philippines. At 58, the federation will continue aspiring Filipino workers to assert their rights and promote its interest through clear enjoyment of freedom of association to bring social justice towards decent work — Vibrant, Caring, and Independent...

Workers, since the evolution of industrialization and commercialization in the world, more than a century ago up to the present, remains in the disadvantageous status, vis-a-vis with the capitalist with its management.

Born and grow in the midst of labor and peasant unrest, the awkward plight of workers seriously touched the heart of Roberto Oca, Sr.—the founder of the Philippine Transport Workers Organization, sometime in 1950's.

Brother Oca, Sr., organized the transport workers in Manila. Firstly: the ship crews, then the land base transport workers (among others are: Pantranco, BLTBCO, JD Transit, Halili Bus Lines), and later on, include the stevedores and commercial establishment's attendants. As years go by, several workers organization in other industries joined PTWO. This compelled PTWO to adjust for purposes of registration under the mandate of R.A. 875, enacting Industrial Peace Act of 1953, popularly known as the Magna Carta of Labor. PTWO change its name to PTGWO to accommodate under its banner the other workers organization in other industries such as in textile, garments, services and food and materials productions.

When Brother Oca, Sr. dies in 1981, Brother Andres L. Dinglasan, Jr. succeeds. During Brother Dinglasan, Jr's. presidency, he campaigned for responsible unionism by advocating that labor and capital are partner in productivity or service. He brought the cause of labor direct to the government officials and even up to the Congress.

Brother Dinglasan, Jr. died in 1997, Brother Victorino F. Balais succeeded. Bro. Vic, having been rose from the rank, a former worker of Central Textile Mills in Balintawak, Quezon City, as envisioned by Bro. Oca, Sr., aggressively organized workers in Metro Manila and adjacent regions, wherein PTGWO once in its history, registered morethan one hundred (100) CBA's, with almost 80-thousand members. We cannot forget the 12,000 workers of Novelty Philippines. The 10,000 workers of Greenfield Garment. The Several Thousand workers of Central Textile, ITM, Yarn Venture, Clover Textile, Blusa Garment, Quality Garment, Excellentex, Meritlux, Viva Footwear and many others, now closed due to alleged many unfriendly business undertaking in the Philippines.

In the early 21st century, wherein the world and mankind felt and understand that it is in critical situation, morally, spiritually, economically, politically and environmentally, which due to respective self-indulgence, compelled division among group of people, domestically and internationally---PTGWO attempted to advocate a vision of "Solidarity in Trade Unions in Wider Horizon and Greater Depth" to guide workers for survival in the midst of crises, proven by this 19th Convention of the PTGWO, showing that union is still around us.

Thanks God, union still here in the Philippines. Thus, PTGWO, with this new lap in its mission, lay down its goal with a theme---"Team PTGWO.... Vibrant, Caring and Independent in 2017".

VIBRANT---in attempt to continue to lead the workers as partner of capitalist in service and productivity in exchange of fair wage and benefits, despite worsening crises plaguing the world and humanity.

CARING---understanding that the world and mankind is in worsening crises, that it should not only focus its capability and resources in protecting the right and interest of workers, but must also include their and their love ones well being as a person.

INDEPENDENT---from all influence of evils, greed and unfair undertakings;

This newfound nerve of the PTGWO to keep going, with its lay down theme is DEDICATED to all Filipino workers, PTGWO can manage to touch for unity to protect their right, interest and well-being as a person.



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WE, members of the PHILIPPINE TRADE AND GENERAL WORKERS ORGANIZATION, imploring the aid of Almighty God in order to establish a strong, united, vigilant, progressive, responsible and militant labor organization to effectively serve the cause of labor in various industries in the Philippines; to exhort our members to be responsible and law-abiding citizens; a read more»»

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